Emeritus Professor of Food Science & Nutrition

Researcher, Teacher, and Consultant in Sterilization, Microbiology and Food Science

The following list of chronologically ordered publications and manuscripts represents a lifetime of in depth research and course instruction in the field of Microbiology and Food Science. Many of the publications are available for download here, and we have provided links to abstracts and books for sale in our book store.

QUICK LINKS: 2000’s | 1990’s | 1980’s | 1970’s | 1960’s | 1950’s

Publications

268

2018, April

Clostridium botulinum Control. Pamphlet. Environmental Sterilization Laboratory, Otterbein, IN 47970. Pflug, I. J.
Available for purchase $15.00

267

2018, February

Controlling Clostridium botulinum in Heat-Preserved Food. Environmental Sterilization Laboratory, Otterbein, IN 47970. Pflug, I. J. View Abstact

266

2017, April

IJ’s Stomach Book. Environmental Sterilization Laboratory, Otterbein, IN 47970. Pflug, I. J. View Abstact

265

2015 (updated in 2018, see 268 above)

Clostridium botulinum Control. Pamphlet. Environmental Sterilization Laboratory, Otterbein, IN 47970. Pflug, I. J.

264A

2015, July - soft cover, Cerlox binding

Syllabus and Problem Book for the course Microbiology and Engineering of Sterilization Processes. Environmental Sterilization Laboratory, Otterbein, IN 47970. Pflug, I. J. View Abstact
Available for purchase $175.00

264B

2015, July - punched for 3-ring binder, binder not included

Syllabus and Problem Book for the course Microbiology and Engineering of Sterilization Processes. Environmental Sterilization Laboratory, Otterbein, IN 47970. Pflug, I. J. View Abstact
Available for purchase $100.00

263

2015, March

Pickles and Pasteurization. The Art and the Technology. Environmental Sterilization Laboratory, Otterbein, IN 47970. Pflug, I. J. and Nicholas, M. A. View Abstact
Available for purchase $45.00

262

2014, September

Selected Papers on the Microbiology and Engineering of Sterilization Processes. Seventh Edition. Environmental Sterilization Laboratory, Otterbein, IN 47970. Pflug, I. J. View Abstact
Available for purchase $185.00

261

2013, February

General Method of Process Evaluation. Environmental Sterilization Laboratory, Otterbein, IN 47970. Pflug, I. J. View Abstact
Available for purchase $35.00

260

2010, November

Procedures for Carrying Out a Heat Penetration Test and the Analysis of the Resulting Data (2010 Revised Edition). Dept. of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN. Pflug, I. J. View Abstact
Available for purchase $65.00

259A

2010, April - soft cover, Cerlox binding

Microbiology and Engineering of Sterilization Processes, 14th Edition. Environmental Sterilization Laboratory, Otterbein, IN. Pflug, I. J. View Abstact
Available for purchase $195.00

259B

2010, April - hard cover

Microbiology and Engineering of Sterilization Processes, 14th Edition. Environmental Sterilization Laboratory, Otterbein, IN. Pflug, I. J. View Abstact
Available for purchase $240.00

258

2010, May

Science, Practice and Human Errors in Controlling Clostridium botulinum in Heat Preserved Food in Hermetic Containers. Pflug, I. J. J. Food Protection, 73(5):993-1002.

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257

2009

The Holcomb-Spearman-Karber Method of Analyzing Quantal Assay Microbial Destruction Data. In Gomez and Moldenhauer (eds.), Chapter in Biological Indicators for Sterilization Processes. pp. 97-116. Bethesda, MD, Parenteral Drug Association (PDA). Holcomb, R. G., Pflug, I. J.

256

2009

Biological Indicators: Historical Perspective and General Principles. In Gomez and Moldenhauer (eds.), Chapter in Biological Indicators for Sterilization Processes.pp. 1-24. Bethesda, MD, Parenteral Drug Association (PDA). Pflug, I. J.

255

2018, March and April

The Microbial-Kill Characteristics of Saturated Steam Plus 1,000 to 10,00ppm Hydrogen Peroxide at Atmospheric Pressure. PDA J. Pharm. Science and Technology. 62(2):85-96. Pflug, I. J. , Melgaard, H. L., Shaffer, S. M., Lysfjord, J. P. View Abstact

254

2005, January

Variability in the Data Generated by Laboratories Measuring D-Values of Bacterial Spores. J. Parenteral Science and Technology 59(1), 3-9. Pflug, I. J.

251

2003, September

Selected Papers on the Microbiology and Engineering of Sterilization Processes. Sixth Edition. Environmental Sterilization Laboratory, University of Minnesota, St. Paul. 330 pp. Pflug, I. J.
Seventh Edition Available for purchase $185.00

250

2003, May

Measuring the Thermal Resistance of Microorganisms: Selecting an Appropriate Test System, Correcting for Heat Transfer Lags, Determining Minimum Heating Times. J. Parenteral Science and Technology 57(3),160-185. Pflug, I. J. View Abstact

249

2003, April

Canning of Foods – Principles of Canning. In Elsevier Science Ltd. (eds.), Chapter in Encyclopedia of Food Sciences and Nutrition, 2nd Ed., pp. 816-824. London, U.K., Academic Press Limited. Berry, M.R. Jr. and Pflug, I. J.

246

2001, January

Principles of the Thermal Destruction of Microorganisms. In Block , S. S. (ed.), Disinfection, Sterilization, and Preservation. p.79-129. Philadelphia, PA, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Pflug, I. J., Holcomb, R. G. and Gomez, M. M.

245

2000, October

Vaporized Hydrogen Peroxide at Low Pressures as an Agent to Kill Bacterial Spores. Zentral Sterilization (International Journal of Processing and Sterile Supply), Vol 8(4): 190-204. Schaffer, S. and Pflug, I. J.View Abstact

243

2000

Canning of Foods – Principles of Canning. In C.A. Chapman et al. (eds.) Chapter in Encyclopedia of Food Sciences and Nutrition, p 625-631. London, U.K., Academic Press Limited. Berry, Jr. M. R. and Pflug, I. J.

242

2000

Carrying Out Biological Qualification, the Control Operation of Moist-Heat (Steam Sterilization) Processes for Producing Sterlie Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices. J. Pharm. Science and Technology, 54(2)117-135. Pflug, I. J. and Evans. K. D.

241

2000

Heat Treatment. In B.M. Lund, T.C. Baird-Parker, G. W. Gould (eds.), Chapter 3 in The Microbiological Safety and Quality of Food, Vol I p 36-64. Gailthersburg, MD, Aspen Publishers, Inc. Pflug, I. J. and Gould, G. W.

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235

1997

Evaluating a Ground Beef Patty Cooking Process Using the General Method of Process Calculation. J. Food Protection 60(10) 1215-1223. Pflug, I. J.

234

1996

Validation of Sterilization Processes. Proceedings of the First Frontiers in Sterilization Practice: The Future of Low-Temperature Technology Symposium, p 20-26, Vienna, Austria, Spetember 29-30, 1995, Communicore (ed.), Newport Beach, CA 1996 Under an Educational Grant from Advanced Sterilization Products, a Division of Johnson & Johnson Medical, Inc. Pflug. I. J.

233

1996

Barrier Isolation System. U.S. Patent 5,525,295. Pflug, I. J., Larson, A. B. and Melgaard, H. L.

232

1996

Discussion of the z-Value to Use in Calculating for F0-Value for High-Temperature Sterilization Processes. J. Pharm. Science and Technology. 50(1) 51-54. Pflug, I. J.

229

1995

Heat Resistance of Bacillus coagulans Spores Suspended in Various Parenteral Solutions. J. Pharm. Science and Technology. 49(5) 235-238. Moldenhauer, J. E., Rubio, S. L. and Pflug, I. J.

228

1995

The Potential for Use of Steam at Atmospheric Pressure to Decontaminate or Sterilize Parenteral Filling Lines Incorporating Barrier Isolation Technology. J. Pharm. Science and Technology, 49(5) 212-219. Lysfjord, J. P., Haas, P. J., Melgaard, H. L. and Pflug, I. J.

222

1995

Barrier Isolation Technology: A Systems Approach. In C. M. Wagner and J. E. Akers (eds.), Isolator Technology – Applications in the Pharmaceutical and Biotechnology Industries, p 230-280. Buffalo Grove, IL, Interpharm Press, Inc. Lysfjord, J. P., Haas, P. J., Melgaard, H. L. and Pflug, I. J.

225

1995

Barrier Isolation Technology. In M. J. Groves and R. Murty (eds.), Aseptic Pharmaceutical Manufacturing II – Applications for the 1990s, p. 369-414. Buffalo Grove, IL, Interpharm Press, Inc. Lysfjord, J. P., Haas, P. J., Melgaard, H. L. and Pflug, I. J.

224

1995

Sterilizing the Inside of the Barrier Isolator Using Atmospheric Steam Plus Hydrogen Peroxide (H2O2). Presented at the International Society for Pharmaceutical Engineering (ISPE) Barrier Isolation Technology Seminar, Zurich, Switzerland. Pflug, I. J., Schaffer, S. M. and Melgaard, H. L. In Press.

222

1996

Heat Penetration Rates of Natural Convection Heating Liquids in Metal Containers. J. Food Protection. 58(1) 108-114. Also Presented by L. G. Zechman at the 16th Annual Institute for Thermal Processing Specialists (IFTIPS) Meeting in Arlington, VA. Zechman, L. G. and Pflug, I. J.

221

1994

Introduction to the Kinetics of Bacterial Destruction, Treatment or Bacterial Destruction Data, Results of Bacterial Destruction Tests in a Laboratory Apparatus Using Atmospheric Steam Plus Hydrogen Peroxide in the 2,000 to 8,000 ppm Range. Presented at the International Society for Pharmaceutical Engineering (ISPE) Barrier Isolation Technology Seminar. Philadelphia, PA. Pflug, I. J. 1994. In press.

220

1994

Resistance of Neosartorya fischeri to Wet and Dry Heat. J. Pharmaceutical Science and Technology. 48(1) 16-23. Gomez, M. M., Pflug, I. J. and Busta, F. F.Download Article

219

1993

Rigid Isolation Barriers: Decontamination With Steam and Steam Hydrogen Peroxide. In R. F. Morrissey (ed.), “Sterilization of Medical Products." Vol. VI.p 115-132. Somerville, NJ, Johnson & Johnson. Pflug, I. J., Melgaard, H. L., Meadows, C. A., Lysfjord, J. P. and Haas, P.

218

1993

Factors Affecting Recovery of Neosartorya fischeri Ascospores After Exposure to Dry Heat. J. Parenteral Science and Technology 47(6), 300-305. Gomez, M. M., Pflug, I. J. and Busta, F. F.Download Article

217

1993

Validation Concerns for Parenteral Filling Lines Incorporating Barrier Isolation Techniques and CIP/SIP Systems. Proceedings of the Second International Parenteral Drug Association Congress, p 90-101, Basel, Switzerland. Haas, P. J., Melgaard, H. L., Lysfjord, J. P. and Pflug, I. J.

216

1992

Evaluacion de la Eficiencia de Indicadores Biologicos para Determinar Valores de Esterilizacion (F0) de Alimentos Enlatados Procesados en Autoclaves Rotativas. Presented as a Poster at the III Latin American Congress of Food Microbiology, Montevideo, Uruguay. Quaresma, M. L., Terra, L. M., Pflug, I. J. and Massaguer, P. R.

215

1991

Bacillus stearothermophilus Spore Recovery Altered by Media Concentration and Formulation. J. Food Sci., Vol 56, No 5, P 1408-1411, 1414. Zechman, L. G., and Pflug, I. J.

214

1991

Heat Preservation of Foods. In J.J. Jackson et al. (eds.), Chapter 2 of Fundamentals of Food Canning Technology. New Yor, NY, Van Nostrand Reinhold (1991) Pflug, I. J. and Purohit, K. S. In Press.

213

1993

Canning of Foods – Principles of Canning. In R. Macrae et al. (eds.), Chapter in Encyclopedia of Food Science, Food Technology, and Nutrition.Academic Press Limited, London, U. K. Berry, M. R. and Pflug, I. J. Download Article

212

1991

Principles of the Thermal Destruction of Microorganisms. In S. S. Block (ed.), Disinfection, Sterilization and Preservation. P 85-128. Lea and Febiger, Philadelphia, PA. Pflug, I. J., and Holcomb, R. G.

210

1990

Dry-Heat Resistance of Neosartora fischeri Ascospores. Abstract P-2 in Abstracts of the 90th Annual Meeting of the American Society for Microbiology, p-278. Anaheim, CA., Gomez, M. M., Busta, F. F. and Pflug, I. J.

209

1990

Establishing the Heat-Preservation Process for Aseptically-Packaged Low-Acid Food Containing Large Particulates, Sterilized in a Continuous Heat-Hold-Cool System. J. Food Protect., Vol 53, No 4, P 312-321. Pflug, I. J., Berry, M. R., and Dignan, D. M.

207.5

1991

Introduction – Sterilization by Heat and Chemicals. In Morrissey, R. F. and Prokopenko, Y. I. (eds) Sterilization of Medical Products, Vol. V. 355-358. Johnson & Johnson, Somerville, N.J. Pflug, I. J.

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207

1989

Microbiological Aspects of Steam (Wet-Heat) and Dry-Heat Sterilization. Abstract in Program of the International Kilmer Memorial Conference on the Sterilization of Medical Products, Moscow, USSR. P 23. Pflug, I. J.

206

1989

Factors Affecting the Recovery of Neosartorya fischeri Ascospores After Exposure to Dry Heat. Abstract P-61 in Abstracts of the 89th Annual Meeting of the American Society for Microbiology, p. 329. New Orleans, LA. Gomez, M. M., Busta, F. F. and Pflug, I. J.

205

1989

Safety Considerations in Establishing Aseptic Processes for Low-Acid Foods Containing Particulates. Food Technol., Vol 43, No 3, P 118-121, 131. Dignan, D. M., Berry, M. R., Pflug, I. J. and Gardine, T. D.

204

1989, March

Biologically Validating the Sterilization Process Delivered To Particles in a Heat-Hold-Cool System. Proceedings at the First International Congress on Aspectic Processing Technologies, Dept. of Food Science and Nutrition, Purdue University. Pflug, I. J.

203

1989

Effect of the Post-Dry-Heat Treatment Temperature on the Recovery of Ascospores of Neosartorya fischeri. Letters in Applied Microb. 8(2): 59-62. Gomez, M. M., Busta, F. F., and Pflug, I. J.

202

1989

Location of the Slowest Heating Zone for Natural-Convection-Heating Fluids in Metal Containers. J. Food Sci., Vol 54, No 1, P 205-209, 226. Zechman, L. G., and Pflug, I. J.

202

1989

Location of the Slowest Heating Zone for Natural-Convection-Heating Fluids in Metal Containers. J. Food Sci., Vol 54, No 1, P 205-209, 226. Zechman, L. G., and Pflug, I. J.

200

1987

Using Thermocouples to Measure Temperations During Retort or Autoclave Validation. J. Food Protect., Vol 50, No 11, P 975-981. Pflug, I. J., and Berry, M. R., Jr.

198.5

1987

Collecting Wet-Heat Microbial Destruction Data Using a Miniature Retort System: Operation, Temperature Calibration, Lag Correction Factors, and Minimum Heating Times. In Selected Papers on the Microbiology and Engineering of Sterilization Processes. p. 125-142, 5th Edition. Pflug, I. J. (ed.) Environmental Sterilization Laboratory. Minneapolis, MN. Pflug, I. J.

197

1987

Calculating FT-Values for Heat Preservation of Shelf-Stable, Low-Acid Canned Foods Using the Straight-Line Semilogarithmic Model. J. Food Protect., Vol 50, No 7, P 608-615, 620. Pflug, I. J.

196

1987

Factors Important in Determining the Heat Process Value, FT, For Low-Acid Canned Foods. J. Food Protect., Vol 50, No 6, P 528-533. Pflug, I. J.

195

1987

Using the Straight-Line Semilogarithmic Microbial Destruction Model as an Engineering Design Model for Determining the F-Value for Heat Processes. J. Food Protect., Vol 50, No 4, P 342-346. Pflug, I. J.

194

1987

Endpoint of a Preservation Process. J. Food Protect., Vol 50, No 4, P 347-351. Pflug, I. J.

193

1986

Wet-Heat Sterilization, Including Both the Design of the Process and Equipment Used to Sterilize Product. In Y. Wang, E.R.L. Gaughran, and R. F. Morrissey (eds), Sterilization of Medical Products Vol. IV, 40-89. Somerville, NJ, Johnson & Johnson. Pflug, I. J.
This was also published in Chinese as follows: Wet-Heat Sterilization, Including Both the Design of the Process and Equipment Used to Sterilize Product. In Wang, E.R.L. Gaughran, and R.F. Morrissey (eds.) (In Chinese), Sterilization Sciences, 51-113. Somerville, NJ, Johnson & Johnson. Pflug, I. J.

192

1987

Biological Indicators in the Pharmaceutical and the Medical Device Industry. J. Parenteral Sci. and Techn. Vol. 40, P. 242-248. Pflug, I. J. and Odlaug, T. E. Download Article

191

1985

Computing a Minimum Public Health Sterilizing Value for Food With pH Values From 4.6 to 6.0. J. Food Protect., Vol 48, No 10, P 848-850. Pflug, I. J., Odlaug, T. E. and Christensen, R.

190

1989

Microbial Death Kinetics in the Heat Processing of Food: Determining an F-Value. In SIK - The Swedish Food Institute (Eds.), Proceedings of UIFOST Symposium on Aseptic Processing and Packaging of Foods, Tysoland, Sweden, Lund University, P 211-220. Pflug, I. J. and Zechman, L. G.

189

1984

Sterilization Engineering – The Role of Water in Heat Sterilization. Pharmaceutical Manufacturing, Vol 1, P. 16-17. Pflug, I. J.

188.5

1984

The Influence of Environmental Storage Conditions on the Thermal Resistance of Biological Indicator Units. M.S. Thesis, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis. Lynch, J. E. R.

188

1984

Sterilization Engineering – Approaches to Control of Steam Sterilization Temperatures. Pharmaceutical Manufacturing, Vol. 1, P. 18-21. Pflug, I. J.

187

1984

Sterilization Engineering - Validating the Steam Sterilization of Components and Hardware in the Pharmaceutical Manufacturing Plant. Pharmaceutical Manufacturing, Vol. 1 P. 14-15, 37. Pflug, I. J.

186

1984

Sterilization of Food in Containers With an End Flat Against a Retort Bottom: Numerical Analysis and Experimental Measurements. J. Food Sci., Vol 49, No 2, P 461-467. Naveh, D., Pflug, I. J., and Kopelman, I. J. Download Article

185

1984

A Comparison of Techniques for Recovering Bacillus subtilis Spores From Inoculated Meat Substrates. J. Food Sci., Vol 49, No 2, P 366-369. Kreiger, R. A., Snyder, O. P. and Pflug, I. J.

184

1983

Transient Cooling of Conduction Heating Products During Sterilization: Sterilization Values. J. Food Processing and Preservation, Vol 7, No 4, P 275-286. Naveh, D., Pflug, I. J. and Kopelman, I. J.

183

1983

Transient Cooling of Conduction Heating Products During Sterilization: Temperature Histories. J. Food Processing and Preservation, Vol 7, No 4, P 259-274. Naveh, D., Kopelman, I. J., Zechman, L. and Pflug, I. J.

182

1983

Principles of Thermal Destruction of Microorganisms. In S. S. Block (ed) Disinfection, Sterilization, and Preservation, P 751-810. Lea and Febiger, Philadelphia, Pa. Pflug, I. J.

181

1983

The Finite Element Method in Thermal Processing of Foods. J. Food Sci., Vol 48, No 4, P 1086-1093. Naveh, D., Kopelman, I. J. and Pflug, I. J.

180

1983

Clostridium botulinum Ionizing Radiation D-Value Determination Using a Micro Food Sample System. J. Food Sci., Vol 48, No 1, P 141-145. Kreiger, R. A., Snyder, O. P. and Pflug, I. J.

179

1983

Simplified Procedure for Estimating the Effect of a Change in Heating Rate on Sterilization Value. J. Food Protect., Vol 46, No 1, P 16-18. Naveh, D., Pflug, I. J. and Kopelman, I. J. Download Article

182

1982

Measuring the Integrated Time-Temperature Effect of Heat Sterilization Process Using Bacterial Spores. In H. G. Schwartzberg, D. Lund, and J. L. Bomben (Eds.), Food Process Eng., Aiche Symposium Series, Vol 78, No 218, P 68-75New York, NY, American Inst. of Chemical Engineerings. Pflug, I. J.

177

1982

Overshooting of Thermal Processes Due to Temperature Distribution at Steam-Off. J. Food Technol., Vol 17, No 4, P 441-449. Kopelman, I. J., Naveh, D. and Pflug, I. J.

176

1982

Effect of Environmental Conditions During Heating on Commercial Spore Strip Performance. Appl. and Envir. Micro. Vol. 44, No. 1 P 12-18. Smith, G. M., Kopelman, M., Jones, A. and Pflug, I. J.

174

1982

Containers with an End Flat Against the Side Wall or Bottom of a Retort: Effect on Heating Rate and the Sterilization Value. J. Food Protect., Vol 45, No 7, P 632-633. Pflug, I. J.

172

1982

Thermal Process Calculations for Different z- and jc-Values using a Hand-Held Calculator. J. Food Sci., Vol 47, No 1, P 193-197. Kao, J., Naveh, D., Kopelman, I. J. and Pflug, I. J.

171

1981

Sterilization Science - Temperature Measurement Using Thermocouples. Medical Device and Diagnostic Industry, Vol 3, No 9, P 23-27, 72. Pflug, I. J.

170

1981

Microbiological Analysis of Food Product in Swelled Cans of Low-Acid Foods Collected From Supermarkets. J. Food Protect., Vol 44, No 9, P 686-691. Davidson, P. M., Pflug, I. J. and Smith, G. M.

169

1981

Leakage Potential of Swelled Cans of Low-Acid Foods Collected from Supermarkets. J. Food Protect., Vol 44, No 9, P 692-695. Davidson, P. M. and Pflug, I. J.

168

1981

Incidence of Canned Food Spoilage at the Retail Level. J. Food Protect., Vol 44, No 9, P 682-685. Pflug, I. J., Davidson, P. M. and Holcomb, R. G.

167

1981

Effects of Soybean Casein Digest Agar Lot on Number of Bacillus stearothermophilus Spores Recovered. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., Vol 42, No 2, P 226-230. Pflug, I. J., Smith, G. M. and Christensen, R. Download Article

166

1981

On the Conversion Factors in Thermal Processes. J. Food Technol., Vol 16, No 3, P 229-238. Kopelman, I. J., Pflug, I. J. and Naveh, D. Download Article

165

1981

Bacillus coagulans, FRR B66, as a Potential Biological Indicator Organism. J. Parenteral Sci. and Technol., Vol 35, No 3, P 82-87. Jones, A. T. and Pflug, I. J. Download Article

164

1981

Sterilzation: Science, Not Art. Medical Device and Diagnostic Industry, Vol.3, No.3, P 8-9. Pflug, I. J.

163

1980

Performance of Bacterial Spores in a Carrier System in Measuring the F0-Value Delivered to Cans of Food Heated in a Steritort. J. Food Sci., Vol 45, P 940-945. Pflug, I. J., Jones, A. T. and Blanchett, R. Download Article

161

1980

Effect of Fill Weight on the F-Value Delivered to Two Styles of Green Beans Processed in a Sterilmatic Retort. J. Food Sci., Vol 45, P 217-220. Jones, A. T., Pflug, I. J. and Blanchett, R. Download Article

160

1980

The Use of Bacterial Spores as Sterilization Process Monitoring Devices: A Discussion of What They Can Do and Some of Their Limitations. Proc of the 3rd PMA Seminar Program on Validation of Sterile Manufacturing Processes Biological Indicators, Phar. Manufacturers Assoc., Lincolnshire, IL, P 153-204. Pflug, I. J. and Holcomb, R. G.

159

1980

Measuring Sterilizing Values in Containers of Food Using Thermocouples and Biological Indicator Units. J. Food Protect., Vol 43, No 2, P 119-123. Pflug, I. J., Smith, G., Holcomb, R. and Blanchett, R. Download Article

158

1981

Converting an F-Value Determined on the Basis of One Z-Value to an F-Value Determined on the Basis of a Second z-Value. J. Food Protect., Vol 45, No 1, P 34-40. Pflug, I. J., and Christensen, R. Download Article

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157

1979

Evaluation of Recovery Media for Heated Clostridium sporogenes Spores. J. Food Protect., Vol 42, No 12, P 946-947. Pflug, I. J., Scheyer, G. M. and Kopelman, M. Download Article

155

1979

Heat Characteristics of Cream-Style Corn Processed in a Steritort: Effects of Headspace, Reel Speed and Consistency. J. Food Sci., Vol 44, No 3, P 831-835. Berry, M. R., Jr., Savage, R. A. and Pflug, I. J. Download Article

154

1979

Clostridium botulinum Growth and Toxin Production in Tomato Juice Containing Aspergillus gracilis. Appl. Envir. Micro., Vol 37, No 3, P 496-504. Pflug, I. J. and Odlaug, T. E. Download Article

153

1979

Heat Sterilization of Canned Food. In Jackson, et al. (Eds.), Chapter 2 of Fundamentals of Food Canning Technology, P 10-94, Westport, CT, AVI Publishing Co. Pflug, I. J. and Esselen, W. B.

152

1978

Effect of Phosphate Buffer Concentration on the Heat Resistance of Bacillus stearothermophilus Spores Suspended in Parenteral Solutions. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. Vol 35, No 3, P 457-464. Gauthier, C. A., Smith, G. M. and Pflug, I. J. Download Article

151

1978

Syllabus for an Introductory Course in the Microbiology and Engineering of Sterilization Processes. Thrid Edition. Environmental Sterilization Services, 10 East Oaks Road,St. Paul, MN 55110. Pflug, I. J. and Odlaug. T. E.

150

1978

Clostridium botulinum and Acid Foods. J. Food Protect., Vol 41, No 4, P 566-573. Odlaug, T. E. and Pflug, I. J. Download Article

149.6

1978

Procedure for Making an Inoculated Pack. In Selected Papers on the Microbiology and Engineering of Sterilization Processes. p.231-236, 5th Edition. Pflug, I. J. (ed.) Environmental Sterilization Laboratory, Minneapolis, MN. Pflug, I. J.

149.4

1978

Analysis of Heating and Cooling Data. In Selected Papers on the Microbiology and Engineering of Sterilization Processes. p.185-196, 5th Edition. Pflug, I. J. (ed.) Environmental Sterilization Laboratory, Minneapolis, MN. Pflug, I. J.

149.2

1978

The Spearman-Karber Method for Analyzing Quantal Assay Microbial Destruction Data. In Selected Papers on the Microbiology and Engineering of Sterilization Processes. p.83-100, 5th Edition. Pflug, I. J. (ed.) Environmental Sterilization Laboratory. Minneapolis, MN. Holcomb, R. G. and Pflug, I. J.

149

1978

A Review of z and F-Values Used to Ensure the Safety of Low-Acid Canned Foods. Food Technol., Vol 32, No 6, P 63-70. Pflug, I. J. and Odlaug, T. E.

148

1978

Microbiological and Sanitizer Analysis of Water Used for Cooling Containers of Food in Commercial Canning Factories in Minnesota and Wisconsin. J. Food Sci., Vol 43, P 954-963. Odlaug, T. E. and Pflug, I. J.

147

1978

Microbiology and Engineering of Sterilization Processes: A Collection of Reports Dealing With Specific Aspects of the Design, Delivery, and Monitoring of Sterilization Processes. Revised Second Edition, Parenteral Drug Assoc., Philadelphia, PA. Pflug, I. J.

146

1976

Heat Resistance of Clostridium botulinum Type B Spores Grown from Isolates from Commercially Canned Mushrooms. J. Food Protect., Vol 41, No 5, P 351-353. Odlaug, T. E., Pflug, I. J. and Kautter, D. A. Download Article

145

1978

The Use of the Digital Computer in the Management and Analysis of Microbiological Data. In A. N. Sharpe, Ph.D., F. R. I. C. and D. S. Clark, Ph.D. (Eds.), Mechanizing Microbiology, P 265-279, Springfield, IL, Charles C. Thomas. Holcomb, R. G. and Pflug, I. J.

144

1978

Syllabus for an Introductory Course in the Microbiology and Engineering of Sterilization Processes. Revised Second Edition. Parenteral Drug Association, Philadelphia, PA. Pflug, I. J. and Odlaug, T. E. 1978.

143

1977

Recovery of Spores of Clostridium botulinum in Yeast Extract Agar and Pork Infusion Agar After Heat Treatment. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., Vol 34, No 4, P 377-381. Odlaug, T. E. and Pflug, I. J. Download Article

142

1976

Dry Heat Destruction of Spores on Metal Surfaces and on Potatoes During Baking. J. Food Protect., Vol 40, No 9, P 608-613. Pflug, I. J. and Rank, E. Download Article

140

1977

Dry-Heat Resistance of Selected Psychrophiles. Appl. and Env. Micro., Vol 34, No 2, 150-154. Winans, L., Pflug, I. J. and Foster, T. L. Download Article

139

1977

Thermal Destruction of Clostridium botulinum Spores Suspended in Tomato Juice in Aluminum Thermal Death Time Tubes. Appl. Env. Micro., Vol 34, No 1, P 23-29. Odlaug, T. E. and Pflug, I. J. Download Article

137

1977

Effect of Storage Time and Temperature on the Survival of Clostridium botulinum Spores in Acid Media. Appl. Env. Micro., Vol 34, No 1, P 30-33. Odlaug, T. E., and Pflug, I. J. Download Article

136

1977

Effect of Combined Heat and Radiation on Microbial Destruction. Appl. Env. Micro., Vol 33, No 5, P 1170-1176. Fisher, D. A. and Pflug, I. J. Download Article

135

1977

The Use of Biological Indicators for Monitoring Wet-Heat Sterilization Processes. In E. R. L. Gaughran and K. Kereluk (Eds.), Sterilization of Medical Products, Johnson & Johnson, New Burnswick, NJ, P 193-230. Smith, G. M. and Pflug, I. J.

134

1977

Principles of Thermal Destruction of Microorganisms. Chapter 45, Disinfection, Sterilization and Preservation, by Block, S. S., Lea and Febiger, P 933-994. Pflug, I. J. and Holcomb, R. G.

133

1977

Survivor Curves of Bacterial Spores Heated in Parenteral Solutions. In A. N. Barker, J. Wolf, D. J. Ellar, G. J. Dring and G. W. Gould (Eds.), Spore Research 1976, London Academic Press, Inc., P 501-525. Pflug, I. J. and Smith, G. M. Download Article

132

1977

Determinations of Microbial Loads Associated with Microscopic-Size Particles of Kennedy Space Center Soil. In R. Holmquist and A. C. Stickland (Eds.), Life Sciences and Space Research, Vol 15, P 59-63. Ruschmeyer, O. R. and Pflug, I. J.

131

1976

Reducing Losses in Potatoes, Fruits and Vegetable Through Environmental Control. In M. V. Zaehringer and J. O. Early (Eds.) Proceedings on National Food Loss Conference, 83-87. Moscow, Idaho, University of Idaho. Pflug, I. J.

130

1976

Effect of Storage Time and Temperature and the Variation Among Replicate Tests (on Different Days) on the Performance of Spore Disks and Strips. Appl. Microbiol., Vol 32, No 2, P 257-263. Smith, G. M., Pflug, I. J. and Chapman, P. A.

129

1976

Sporicidal Properties of Chlorine Compounds: Applicability to Cooling Water for Canned Foods. J. Milk and Food Technol., Vol 39, No 7, P 493-498. Odlaug, T. E. and Pflug, I. J. Download Article

128

1976, June

Method and Apparatus for Sterility Monitoring. U. S. Patent 3,960,670. Pflug, I. J.

127

1976

Thermal Resistance of Bacillus stearothermophilus Spores Suspended in Parenteral Solutions. Bull. Parenteral Drug Assoc., Vol 30, No 3, P 128-138. Pflug, I. J., Smith, G. M., Scheyer, M. and Chapman, P. A. Download Article

126

1975

Procedures for Carrying Out a Heat Penetration Test and Analysis of the Resulting Data. Dept. of Food Sci. & Nutrition, Minneapolis, U of Min. Pflug, I. J.

125

1975

Indices of Water Content in Gaseous Systems, Their Measurement, and Relationship to Each Other. J. Milk and Food Technol., Vol 38, No 11, P 706-714. Fisher, D. A., Jacobson, R. L. and Pflug, I. J. Download Article

124

1975

Effect of Holding Time in Parenteral Solutions on the Outgrowth of Bacillus stearothermophilus Spores. Bull. Parenteral Drug Assoc., Vol 29, No 3, P 131-145. Pflug, I. J., Scheyer, M., Smith, G. M. and Holcomb, R. G. Download Article

123

1974

Which First? More Thermophysical Properties Data or Better Methods to Use Accumulated Data? Paper given at International Insititute of Refrigeration, Commissions B1, C1, C2, Bressanone, Italy. Published in Annexe 1974-3 au Bulletin de l’Institut International du Froid. Pflug, I. J.

122

1973

Performance of Biological Indicators Designed for Monitoring Wet-Heat Sterilization Processes. Article) Presented to Proceedings of the Sterile Disposable Devices, Technical Symposium - Update 73, Washington., D. C. Holcomb, R. G. and Pflug, I. J.

121

1973

Heat Sterilization. A Chapter in “Industrial Sterilization," Edited by G. Phillips and W. S. Miller. Duke University Press. Pflug, I. J.

120.5

1972

Treatment of Sterilization Process Microbial Survivor Data. Appendix E in Environmental Microbiology as Related to Planetary Quarantine. Semi-Annual Progress Report 9, p.67-81. NASA Grant NGL24-005-160. Pflug, I. J. and Bearman, J. E.

120.2

1971

Sterilization of Spac Hardware. Article in Environmental Biology and Medicine 1, 63-81. Pflug, I. J.

120

1971

Sterilization of Spac Hardware. A Chapter in Planetary Quarantine: Principles, Methods and Problems Edited by Lawrence B. Hall. Monograph 6 in The Foundations of Space Biology and Medicine. Pflug, I. J.

119.5

1970

Dry-Heat Destruction of Bacillus subtilis var. Niger Spores as a Function of Relative Humidity. Bact. Proc., 11. Vesley, D., Halbert, M. M. and Pflug, I. J.

119

1970

Dry-Heat Destruction of Bacillus subtilis Spores on Surfaces: Effect of Humidity in an Open System. Appl. Micro. 20(5), 805-809. Drummond, D. W. and Pflug, I. J.

118

1970

Dry-Heat Destruction Rates for Microorganisms on Open Surfaces, In Mated Surface Areas and Encapsulated in Solids of Spacecraft Hardware. Life Sciences and Space Research VII. North-Holland Publ. Co. Pflug, I. J.

117

1970

High Temperature Controlled Atmosphere Pre-Storage Treatment Effect on the Quality of Jonathan Apples. Food Tech. 24(7), 88-92. Gurevitz, D. and Pflug, I. J.

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116.6

1969

Effect of Humidity on Dry Heat Destruction of Bacillus subtilis var. Niger Spores on Surfaces. Bact. Proc., 8. Drummond, D. W. and Pflug, I. J.

116.3

1969

Effect of Relative Humidity on Survival of Bacillus subtillis var. Niger Spores at 22 and 45°C. Bact. Proc., 7. Vesley, D., Pflug, I. J. and Smith, G.

116

1968

Loss of Whiteness from Fresh Cucumber Pickles. Food Technol. 22(12), 1601-1604. Fellers, P. J. and Pflug, I. J.

115

1968

Some Observations Regarding Factors Important in Dry Heat Sterilization. COSPAR Technical Manual No. 4, 51-58. Pflug, I. J.

114

1968

Evaluating the Lethality of Heat Processes Using a Method Employing Hicks Table. Food Technol. 22(9), 103-106. Pflug, I. J. Download Article

113

1968

Thermal Destruction. (A Chapter in Lawrence and Block, Disinfection, Sterilization and Preservation.) Lea and Febiger. Pflug, I. J. and Schmidt, C. F.

112

1968

Predicting the Performance of Controlled Atmosphere Storages. Refrigeration Science and Technology, International Institute of Refrigeration. Pflug, I. J.

111

1968

The Relationship of Surface, Mass Average and Geometric Center Temperatures in Transient Conduction Heat Flow. Food Tech. 22(6), 141-146. Kopelmann, I. J. and Pflug, I. J. Download Article

110

1968

Heat Destruction Patterns. Mich. Agr. Exp. Sta. Quart. Bull. 50(4), 480-484. Pflug, I. J.

109

1968

Cost of Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide Control Systems for Controlled Atmosphere Storages. Mich. Agr. Exp. Sta. Quart. Bull. 50(4), 458-479. Gurevitz, D. and Pflug, I. J.

108

1968

Controlled Atmosphere Storage of Onions. Mich. Agr. Exp. Sta. Quart. Bull 50(4), 449-457. Chawan, Tukaram and Pflug, I. J.

107

1968

Effect of Temperature and Gas Velocity on the Dry-Heat Destruction Rate of Bacterial Spores. Appl. Micro. 16(2), 243-248. Fox, K. I. and Pflug, I. J.

106

1967

Volatiles in Controlled-Atmosphere Storage: Evaluation by Gas Chromatography and Mass Spectrometry. Food Tech. 21(12), 99-102. Angellini, P. and Pflug, I. J.

105

1967

Diffusion Rates in the Desalting of Pickles. Food Technol. 21(12), 90-94. Pflug, I. J., Fellers, P. J. and Gurevitz, D.

104

1969

Evaluation of Surface Film Heat Transfer Coefficients Using Transient Methods. Progress in Refrigeration. Science and Technology, Vol. IV, 12th International Congress of Refrigeration. Kipelman, I. J, Borrero, C. and Pflug, I. J. Download Article

103

1967

Dry-Heat Sterilization of Interplanetary Vehicles. Bact. Proc., 16. Pflug, I. J. and Fox, K. I.

102

1967

Comparison of Wet- and Dry-Heat Survivor Curves of Bacillus Subtilis. Bact. Proc., 14. Fox, Kenneth, Eder, Bruce D. and Pflug, I. J.

101

1967

Recovery Patterns of Spores of Putrefactive Anaerobe No. 3679 in Various Subculture Media Following Moist-and Dry-Heat Treatment. Appl. Micro. 15(2), 266-276. Augustin, Jorg A. L. and Pflug, I. J.

100

1967

Characteristics of Transient Heat Conduction Systems in the High or Low Biot Number Region. ASHRAE Transactions 73(1). Kopelmann, I. J. and Pflug, I. J. Download Article

99

1967

The Effect of Various Gas Atmospheres on the Destruction of Microorganisms in Dry Heat. Appl. Micro., Vol 15, No 1, P 120-124. Pheil, C. G., Pflug, I. J., Nicholas, R. C., and Augustin, J. A. L.

98

1967

Storage of Pickling Cucumbers. Food Technol., Vol 21, No 1, P 74-78. Fellers, P. J., and Pflug, I. J.

97

1966

A Study of the Variables that Affect Heat Penetration Rates in Glass Containers. Mich. Agr. Expt. Sta. Quart. Bull., Vol 48, No 3, P 397-410. Schmidt, E. D., and Pflug, I. J. Download Article

96

1966

Research Carried Out Under ASHRAE RP-42: Design Criteria for Systems to Cool Food Products. ASHRAE Journal 8(5), 65. Pflug, I. J.

95

1966

Measurement and Control of Carbon Dioxide and Oxygen in Controlled Atmosphere Storages. Proc. Comm. 4-5, Bull. Inst. of Refrig. Pflug, I. J. and Gurevitz, D.

94

1966

Externally Generatd Atmospheres for Controlled Atmosphere Storages. Proc. Comm. 4-5, Bull. Inst. of Refrig. Pflug, I. J. and Gurevitz, D.

93

1966

Correlating and Predicting Transient Heat Transfer Rates in Food Products. Proc. of Comm. 2, Bull. Int. Inst. of Refrig. Pflug, I. J., and Kopelman, I. J. Download Article

92

1966

Static Load Tests Evaluate Flexible Packaging Materials at Elevated Temperatures. Package Engineering, 11(5) 91-95. Pflug, I. J. and Long. F. E.

91

1966

Influence of Fruit Size and Coolant Velocity on the Cooling of Johathan Apples in Water and Air. ASHRAE Transactions 72(1), 209-216. Kipelman, I., Blaisdell, J. L. and Pflug, I. J. Download Article

90

1966

pH as a Function of Acetic Acid Concentration in Fresh Cucumbers and Salt Stock Pickles. Mich. Agr. Expt. Sta. Quart. Bull., Vol 48, No 2, P 247-255. Pflug, I. J. and Schmidt, E. D.

89

1965

Heat Resistance of Bacillus subtilis Spores in Atmospheres of Different Water Contents. Mich. Agr. Expt. Sta. Quart. Bull., Vol 48, No 2, P 238-247. Jacobs, R. A., Nicholas, R. C. and Pflug, I. J.

88

1965

Evaluation of the Heating Media for Processing Shelf Stable Foods in Flexible Packages in Commercial Processing Equipment. Final Report of Part II of Quartermaster Proj., No 1K643324D587. Pflug, I. J. and Borrero, C.

87

1965

Rates of Heating and Location of the Slowest Heat Zone in Sweet Fresh Cucumber Pickles. Food Technol., Vol 19, No 6, P 121-126. Pflug, I. J., Blaisdell, J. L. and Nicholas, R. C. Download Article

86

1965

Developing Temperature-Time Curves for Objects that can be Approximated by a Sphere, Infinite Plate or Infinite Cylinder. FASHRAE Transactions 71(1), 238-248. Pflug, I. J., Blaisdell, J. L. and Kopelman, I. J. Download Article

85

1965

Quality of Fresh While Dill Pickles as Affected by Storage Temperature and Time, Process Time, and Cucumber Variety. Food Technol., Vol 19, No 3, P 116 (416)-119 (419). Fellers, P. J. and Pflug, I. J.

84

1965

Rapid Estimation of Chemical Oxygen Demand in Pickle Manufacturing Wastes Containing Sodium Chloride. Mich. Agr. Expt. Sta. Quart. Bull., Vol 47, No 3, P 459-466. Saari, A. L., Pflug, I. J. and Timnick, A.

83

1964

Stratification of Acid and Salt in Non-Agitated Salt Stock Pickle Tanks. Mich. Agr. Expt. Sta. Quart. Bull., Vol 47, No 2, P 159-165. Pflug, I. J. and Mulvaney, T. R.

82

1964

Evaluation of Heating Media for Producing Shelf Stable Food in Flexible Packages. Final Report of Pt. 1 of Quartermaster Project, No 1K643324D587. Pflug, I. J.

81

1964

Refrigerating Fruit and Vegetable Storages. Proceed. Food Engr. Conf. MSU, Apr 8-9, 1964. Pflug, I. J.

80

1964

Fruit Cooling Rates in Air and Water. Proceed. Food Engr. Conf. MSU, Apr 8-9, 1964. Blaisdell, J. L. and Pflug, I. J.

79

1964

Use of Controlled Atmosphere for Improving the Keeping Quality of Chipping Potatoes. Proceedings of the Production and Technological Division Meeting, 27th Annual Meeting, Potato Chip Institute International Pflug, I. J., Chawan, T., Chase, R. W. and Thompson, M. R.

78

1963

Methods of Analysis of Pre-Cooling Data. ASHRAE Journal 5(11), 33. Pflug, I. J. and Blaisdell, J. L. Download Article

77

1963

Sterilization of Food in Flexible Packages. Food Technol., Vol 17, No 9, P 87-92. Pflug, I. J., Bock, J. H. and Long, F. E.

76

1963

Predicting the Rate of Heat Removal from Food Products. Food Engr. Conf. MSU. Pflug, I. J. and Blaisdell, J. L.

75

1963

Preserving Food Through Atmosphere Control Using Either Fruit Generated or Externally Generated Atmospheres. Proceedings, Food Engr. Conf., MSU. Pflug, I. J.

74

1963

The Storage of Apple Fruits in an Externally Generated Controlled Atmosphere. Mich. Agr. Expt. Sta. Quat. Bull. 45(3), 387-395. Dewey, D. H. and Pflug, I. J.

73

1963

Food Processing by Heat Sterilization.A Chap. in Heid and Joslyn, Food Processing Operations, Vol 2, AVI Publish. Co. Pflug, I. J. and Esselen, W. B.

72

1962

Design of Controlled Atmosphere Storages. Proc. 1st International Congress of Food Science and Technol., London, England. Pflug, I. J.

71

1962

Variety Response to Some Variables in Fresh Cucumber Pickle Production. Mich. Agr. Expt. Sta. Quart. Bull., Vol 44, No 4, P 739-50. Nicholas, R. C. and Pflug, I. J. Download Article

70

1962

Heat Sterilization of Food in Flexible Packages. Report to the Dir. of Research, Continental Can Co., Chicago, Ill., 96 pages. Pflug, I. J.

69

1962

Over and Under-Pasteurization of Fresh Cucumber Pickles. Food Technol., Vol 16, No 2, P 104-108 Nicholas, R. C. and Pflug, I. J. Download Article

68

1961

Some Factors Affecting Heating and Cooling Lags of Process Cheese in Thermal Death Time Cans. J. Dairy Sci., Vol 44, No 12, P 2171-2175. Jaynes, J. A., Pflug, I. J. and Harmon, L. G. Download Article

67

1961

A Design of a Water Type Carbon Dioxide Absorption System for Fruit Storage. ASHRAE Journal, 3(12), 65-69. Pflug. I. J.

66

1961

Studies on the Deposition and Removal of Radioactive Soil. J. Milk and Food Technol., Vol 24, No 12, P 390-96. Pflug, I. J., Hedrick, T. I., Kaufmann, O. W., Keppeler, R. A. and Pheil, C. G. Download Article

65

1961

Effect of pH and Brine Concentration on the Thermal Resistance of PA 3679 in a Processed Cheese Spread. J. Dairy Sci., Vol 44, No 11, P 1997-2003. Jaynes, J. A., Pflug, I. J., Harmon, L. G. and Costilow, R. N.

64

1961

The Effects of Velocity of Steam-Air Mixtures on the Heating of Glass Containers. Mich. Agr. Expt. Sta. Quart. Bull., Vol 44, No 2, P 235-44. Pflug, I. J. and Blaisdell, J. L. Download Article

63

1961

Actual Grower Results with Water Flotation Bulk Box Unleaders for Fruit. Eastern Fruit Growers, 24(6), 6, 14, 16, 17. Pflug, I. J. and Levin, J. H.

62

1961

Heating Rates in Glass Containers as Affected by Heating Medium and Product. Mich. Agr. Expt. Sta. Quart. Bull., Vol 44, No 1, P 153-165. Pflug, I. J. and Nicholas, R. C. Download Article

61

1961

Effect of Blanching and Holding Treatment on the Quality of Fresh Cucumber Pickles. Mich. Agr. Expt. Sta. Quart. Bull., Vol 44, No 1, P 70-76. Pflug, I. J. and Nicholas, R. C.

60

1961

Effect of pH and Brine Concentration of Gas Production by a Putrefactive Anaerobe (PA) 3679 in a Processed Cheese Spread. J. Dairy Sci., Vol 44, No 7, P 1265-71. Jaynes, J. A., Pflug, I. J. and Harmon, L. G. Download Article

59

1961

Heat Processing Characteristics of Fresh Cucumber Pickle Products III. Heating Rates of Slices. Mich. Agr. Expt. Sta. Bull., Vol 43, No 4, P 808-20. Nicholas, R. C. and Pflug, I. J. Download Article

58

1961

Bottles – Detergents and Washing Machines. Am Brewer., Vol 94, No 4, P 48-49 Pflug, I. J. and Mulvaney, T. R.

57

1961

Heat Processing Characteristics of Fresh Cucumber Pickle Products II. Heating Rates of Whole Pickles. Mich. Agr. Expt. Sta. Quart. Bull., Vol 43, No 3, P 522-32. Nicholas, R. C. and Pflug, I. J. Download Article

56

1961

Relative Cleanability of Stainless Steel Tubing and Milk Dispenser Cans Having Various Finishes. Mich. Agr. Expt. Sta. Quart. Bull., Vol 43, No 3, P 508-518. Hedrick, T. I., Kaufmann, O. W., Pflug, I. J. and Pheil, C. G. Download Article

55

1960

Relative Cleanability of Various Finishes of Stainless Steel in a Farm Bulk Tank. J. Milk and Food Technol., Vol 23, No 12, P 377-81. Kaufmann, O. W., Hedrick, T. I., Pflug, I. J. and Pheil, C. G.

54

1960

Oxygen Reduction in CA Storages: A Comparison of Water vs. Caustic Soda Absorbers. Mich. Agr. Expt. Sta. Quart. Bull 43(2), 455-466. Pflug, I. J.

53

1960

Heat Processing Characteristics of Fresh Cucumber Pickle Products I. Heating Rates of Spears. Mich. Agr. Expt. Sta. Quart. Bull., Vol 43, No 2, P 407-414. Pflug, I. J. and Nicholas, R. C. Download Article

52

1960

Thermal Resistance of Microorganisms to Dry Heat; Design of Apparatus, Operational Problems and Preliminary Results. Food Technol., Vol 14, P 483-88. Pflug, I. J. Download Article

51

1960

Unloading Soft-Fleshed Furit from Bulk Boxes. Mich. Agr. Expt. Sta. Quart. Bull.43(1), 132-141. Pflug, I. J. and Dewey, D. H. Download Article

50

1960

The Relative Cleanability for Dairy Processing Equipment Having Various Finishes. Mich. Agr. Expt. Sta. Quart. Bull., Vol 43, No 1, P 121-129. Kaufmann, O. W., Hedrick, T. I., Pflug, I. J., Pheil, C. G. and Keppeler, R. A. Download Article

49

1960

A Mechanical Recording Pressure Tester. Mich. Agr. Expt. Sta. Qyart. Bull 43(1), 117-121. Pflug, I. J., Joffe, F. M. and Nicholas. R. C. Download Article

48

1960

Preliminary Studies of Hydro-Cooling of Pickling Cucumbers. Mich. Agr. Expt. Sta. Quart. Bull., Vol 43, No 1, P 129-131. Cook, J. A. and Pflug, I. J. Download Article

47

1960

Convection Heating Studies of Water-Syrup Layered Systems. Food Technol., Vol 14, No 5, P 212-14. Nicholas, R. C., Pflug, I. J. and Mulvaney, T. R. Download Article

46

1960

Product-Induced Stratification of Covering Syrups. Food Technol., Vol 14, No 5, P 207-11. Mulvaney, T. R., Nicholas, R. C. and Pflug, I. J. Download Article

45

1960

Convection in Syrup-Packed Products. Food Technol., Vol 14, No 5, P 205-07. Nicholas, R. C., Pflug, I. J. and Mulvaney, T. R. Download Article

44

1960

Chemical, Anatomical and Histochemical Studies on the Navy Bean Seed. Agronomy J. 52, 1`63.167. Powrie, W. D., Adams, M. W. and Pflug, I. J. Download Article

43

1960

Effects of High Temperature Storage on the Quality of Fresh Cucumber Pickles. Glass Packer, Vol 39, No 4, P 35, 38, 39, 65. Nicholas, R. C. and Pflug, I. J. Download Article

42

1960

Relative Cleanability of Various Stainless Steel Finishes After Soiling With Inoculated Milk Solids. J. Dairy Sci., Vol 43, No 1, P 28-41. Kaufmann, O. W., Hedrick, T. I., Pflug, I. J., Pheil, C. G. and Keppeler, R. A. Download Article

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41

1959

Effect of Heat Treatment on the Growth of Surviving Cells. J. Bacteriol., Vol 78, No 6, P 834-38 Kaufmann, O. W., Harmon, L. G., Pailthorp, O. C. and Pflug, I. J. Download Article

40

1959

Aseptic Canning of Dairy Products. Dairy Engr., Vol 76, No 11, P 328-31 Pflug, I. J., Hall, C. W. and Trout, G. M. Download Article

39

1959

Cost of Michigan Fruit Storage Buildings as Affected by Size and Type of Construction. Quart. Bull. Mich. Agr. Expt. Sta. 41, (4): 78-790. Pflug, I. J. and Brandt, M. W. Download Article

38

1959

Essentials for Controlled Atmosphere Storage. The Eastern Fruit Grower, 22 (11): 10, 12,13, 16. Pflug, I. J.

37

1959

Construction for Controlled Atmoshpere Apple Storage. Agr. Engr. 40, 80-83, 86. Pflug, I. J. and Dewey, D. H. Download Article

36

1958

Destruction Rates of MS 102 in Milk Using Irradiation and Irradiation Plus Heat. Mich. Agr. Expt. Sta. Quart. Bull., Vol 40, P 163-169. Pflug, I. J., Green, R. and Kaufmann, O. W. Download Article

35

1958

Thermocouple Errors in Long Wires with Different Types of Insulation in Wet Locations. Mich. Agr. Expt. Sta. Quart. Bull 40, 870-875. Pflug, I. J., Nicholas, R. C. and Butchbaker, A. F. Download Article

34

1958

Radiation-Induced Changes in Bread Flavor. Food Technol., Vol 12, No 1, P 52-54 Nicholas, R. C., Meiske, D. P., Jones, M. F., Wiant, D. E., Pflug, I. J. and Jones, E. M. Download Article

33

1957

Building and Equipment are Essential for Controlled Atmosphere Storage. Annual Report of the State Horticultural Society of Michigan. 87, 49-53. Pflug, I. J.

32

1958

Effect of Jar Size, Liquor, and Product-to-Liquor Ratio on Heating Characteristics of Fresh-Packed Pickle Products. Food Technol., Vol 11, No 10, P 488-490. Nicholas, R. C., Pflug, I. J. and Costilow, R. N. Download Article

31

1957

A Tent for the Controlled Atmosphere Storage of Apples. Mich. Agr. Expt. Sta. Quart.Bull 40, 181, 192. Chase, Jr., W. G., Dewey, D. H. and Pflug, I. J. Download Article

30

1957

An Absorber for the Removal of Carbon Dioxide from Controlled Atmosphere Storage. Mich. Agr. Expt. Sta. Quart. Bull. 40, 139-146. Pflug, I. J., Dewey, D. H. and Brandt, M. W. Download Article

29

1957

Fundamentals of Carbon Dioxide Absorption and They Apply to Controlled Atmosphere Storage. Mich. Agr. Expt. Sta. Quart. Bull. 40, 131-138. Pflug, I. J., Angellini, P and Dewey, D. H. Download Article

28

1957

Immersion Freezing of Poultry. Frosted Food Field, Vol 24, No 6, P 17. Pflug, I. J.

27

1957

Progress Report on the Controlled Atmosphere Storage of Jonathan Apples. Mich. Agr. Expt.Sta. Bull 39, 361-700. Dewey, D. H., Ballinger. W. E. and Pflug, I. J. Download Article

26

1957

Effect of Cucumber Holding Time and Temperature on the Quality of Pasteurized Fresh Whole Pickles. Food Technol., Vol 11, No 4, P 216-218. Cook, J. A., Pflug, I. J. and Ries, S. K. Download Article

25

1957

New Developments in Pasteurizing Equipment. Proceedings of Fifth Annual Nat. Dairy Engr. Conf., P 1. Pflug, I. J.

24

1957

An Experimental Telt-Up Concrete Building for the Controlled Atmosphere Storage of Apples. Mich. Agr. Expt. Sta. Quart. Bull. 39, 505-510. Pflug, I. J., Brandt, M. W. and Dewey, D. H. Download Article

23

1956

Thermal Resistance of Putrefactive Anaerobe No. 3679 Spores in Vegetables in the Temperature Range of 250-190 Deg F. Food Technol., Vol 10, P 557-560. Esselen, W. B. and Pflug, I. J. Download Article

22

1956

A Theoretical Relationship of the Variables Affecting the Operation of Controlled Atmosphere Storage Rooms. Mich. Agr. Expt. Sta. Quart. Bull. 39, 353-359. Pflug, I. J. and Dewey, D. H.

21

1956

Suggestions for the Management and Operation of Your Controlled Atmosphere Storage. MSU. Pflug, I. J. and Dewey, D. H.

20

1956

Breather Bag for CA Fruit-Vegetable Storage. Agr. Engr. 37, 476-477. Pflug, I. J. Download Article

19

1956

The Design and Construction of a Pilot-Sized Hermetic Controlled Atmosphere Cold Storage Chamber. Mich. Agr. Expt. Sta. Quart. Bull. 38, 401-408. Pflug, I. J., Dewey, D. H.and Angelini, P. Download Article

18

1956, January

Quality Control of Tin and Glass Containers. Proceedings , Conf. For Fieldmen and Processors. MSU. Pflug, I. J.

17

1955

Specific Gravity Potato Separator. Mich. Agr. Expt. Sta. Quart. Bull 38, 29-34. Pflug, I. J., Brandt, M. W. and Isleib, D. R. Download Article

16

1955

Pallet Box Dumper. Mich. Agr. Expt. Sta. Quart. Bull. 38, 43-45. Pflug, I. J. Download Article

15

1955

Fast Freeze, Tight Pack Guard Poultry Surface Color. Food Engr., Vol 27, P 7, 99 Esselen, W. B., Levine, A. S. and Pflug, I. J.

14

1955

Heat Transfer into Open Metal Thermoresistometer Cups. Food Research, Vol 20, P 237-246. Pflug, I. J., and Esselen, W. B. Download Article

13

1955

What’s New in Dairy Equipment. Proceedings Third Annual National Dairy Engr. Conference, MSU, East Lansing, Michigan, P 60-62. Pflug, I. J., and Brunner, J. R.

12

1955

Controlled Atmosphere Storage. Agr. Engr. 36, 171-172. Pflug, I. J. and Dewey, D. H. Download Article

11

1954

Air Leakage in Controlled Atmosphere Storage. Agr. Engr. 35, 635-637. Pflug, I. J. and Southwick, F. W. Download Article

10

1954

Brine Immersion Cooling and Freezing of Ready-to-Cook Poultry. Refrigeration Engr., Vol 62, No 7, 61. Esselen, W. B., Levine, A. S., Pflug, I. J. and Davis, L. L. Download Article

9

1954

Heat Transfer in Pasteurization and Sterilization. Glass Packer, July, 1954 Pflug, I. J. and Esselen, W. B. Download Article

8

1954

Design of Thermal Destruction Apparatus. Agr. Engr., Vol 35, No 4, P 245 Pflug, I. J. and Esselen, W. B. Download Article

7

1954

Observations on the Thermal Resistance of Putrefactive Anaerobe No. Spores in the Temperature Range of 250 to 300 Deg F. Food Research, Jan-Feb, 1954. Pflug, I. J. and Esselen, W. B. Download Article

6

1954

Thermal Destruction of Microorganisms and Enzymes in Food Processing. Glass Packer, Jan-Feb, 1954. Esselen, W. B. and Pflug, I. J. Download Article

5

1953

Development and Application of an Apparatus for Thermal Resistance of Bacterial Spores and Thiamine at Temperatures Above 250 Deg F. Food Technol., Vol 7, 237-241. Pflug, I. J. and Esselen, W. B.

5

1953

Development and Application of an Apparatus for Thermal Resistance of Bacterial Spores and Thiamine at Temperatures Above 250 Deg F. F. Food Technol., Vol 7, 237-241. Pflug, I. J. and Esselen, W. B.

4

1953

Controlled Temperature Fluctuation of a Low Temperature Refrigerator. Agr. Engr. 34, 634. Pflug, I. J. and Misiaszek, R. J. Download Article

3

1952

Meteorological Observations. Mass. Agr. Expt. Sta. Meterological Series Bul. 765-786, 53.54. Pflug, I. J.

2

1952

Pasteurized Fresh Whole Pickles. III. Heat Penetration in Fresh Pack Pickles. Glass Packer, March 1952. Esselen, W. B., Fagerson, I. S., Pflug, I. J., and Anderson, E. E. Download Article

1

1951

Pasteurized Fresh Whole Pickles. I. Pasteurization Studies. Food Technol., Vol 5, P 279 Esselen, W. B., Anderson, E. E., Ruder, L. F. and Pflug, I. J. Download Article